Learning design is the description of the teaching-learning process that takes place in a unit of learning. A unit can be a single course, a lesson from the course or a topic from the lesson. Instructional designing can be defined as creating well instructed learning experiences. These make the understanding and acquisition of knowledge/ skill more efficient, effective, and appealing.
Learning happens through our experiences and through the things we see and hear. So we need to give the learner an experience that makes sense for him/her.
This can be achieved by designing the course with proper understanding of the expectation from the course/ content. Instructional designing defines clear goal from the learning and hence gives a focused experience. Also it compresses the learning process and saves time too.
Instructional designing should be done is such a way that it engages learner with clear and meaningful contents. The implementation of the concept made by learning design specifications. The most common model used for creating instructional materials is the ADDIE Model
The five phases involved
- Analyze – to gatherinformation about one’s audience, the tasks to be completed, how the learners will view the content, and the project’s overall goals.
- Design – to create the project.. For example, the design phase begins with writing a learningobjective. Tasks are then identified and broken down for the designer. It determines the kind of activities required for the audience in order to meet the goals identified in theAnalyze phase.
- Develop – involves the creation of the activities that will be implemented. It is in this stage that the blueprints of the design phase are assembled.
- Implement – After the content is developed, it is then Implemented. This stage allows the instructional designer to test all materials to determine if they are functional and appropriate for the intended audience.
- Evaluate – The final phase, Evaluate, ensures the materials achieved the desired goals. The evaluation phase consists of two parts: formative and summative assessment. The ADDIE model is an iterative process of instructional design, which means that at each stage the designer can assess the project’s elements and revise them if necessary.
The key point is that instructional designing(ID) provides value and are able to pull the content together to craft courses that are focused and meaningful. With ID, there are clear instructional goals, learners characteristics are considered, and students are engaged with interactive instruction. Hence Instructional Designing is a very essential area of econtent development process.